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Fibre Optic Cable vs Copper Cable

Which one to Choose?

· technology,Networks Cables
fibre optic patch cables

It becomes very difficult when you have to choose between a fibre cable or copper cable. Well, each wire has its own benefits and limitations that make it difficult to rank one over another. Sometimes, your connections require the use of both at some point.

Copper is being used in many places and also is a cheap network device connection. But due to the reduction cost of optical deployment the future-proof fibre optic cable shows more favourable circumstances over copper and has a superior possibility later on market.

Here are the differences between the quality, quantity, and superiority of both the cables:

Underlying technologies cause the difference between fibre and copper in bandwidth. The Internet fibre uses thin packets of optical fibres or very pure glass strands as narrow as human hair, to relay data using infrared laser light pulses. Literally, copper cables use copper wires and significantly have bulkier technology that was first developed to carry data from voice calls through electrical pulses.

The variations in bandwidth are, effectively, the disparity between electrons and photons. For data transmission, copper uses electrons, while fibre uses photons. Light is quicker than electrical pulses, so more bits of data per second can be transmitted by fibre and greater bandwidth is provided.


Over a range, all data signals degrade, but fibre provides substantially improved signal durability. In contrast to copper's 94% signal loss, fibre just loses 3% of the signal over distances greater than 100 metres.


Electric currents are not performed by fibre optic packages, making fibre data links entirely resistant to heat, electromagnetic interference, lightning or radio signals. Copper cables are designed to conduct electricity, rendering the copper Internet prone to power lines, lightning, and intentional signal-scrambling.


During an installation or by mistake, copper cables can easily be cut. Copper has a poor tolerance for strain, considering its large scale. Fibre is smaller, lighter, and more durable than copper cabling and can only be damaged by malicious vandalism in general, but you need to be careful with fibre as it is made of glass. Usually, to make it more durable, it is sheathed in a protective coat.


Really, the best medium for your network depends on your needs. Investing would pay for itself in a robust, scalable infrastructure. A mixed strategy, with an eye to future development, would suit you well.

Very common is hybrid deployments that make use of both fibre optic and copper cables. No matter how long it takes, it seems like the inevitable ending is that fibre optic cable will replace copper, don’t you think? Share your opinion with us in the comment section.

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